jruby = java + ruby - présentation


jruby = java + ruby - présentation

 

JRuby: Bringing Ruby to the JVM? Thomas E. Enebo, Aandtech Inc. Charles Oliver Nutter, Ventera Corp http://www.jruby.org Learn what JRuby is and how Ruby and JRuby will improve your Java world JRuby Presentation Goal Agenda What are Ruby and JRuby Ruby Features JRuby Features Demonstrations JRuby in the Wild JRuby?s Future Conclusion Agenda What are Ruby and JRuby Ruby Features JRuby Features Demonstrations JRuby in the Wild JRuby?s Future Conclusion What is Ruby? ? Pure Object-Oriented Dynamically-typed Interpreted Language ? Open Source ? C Implementation is the ?standard? ? Started in 1993 by Yukihiro ?Matz? Matsumoto ? More powerful than Perl and more OO than Python ? Guided by principle of least surprise ? www.ruby-lang.org What is JRuby? ? 100% Java implementation of Ruby ? Open Source, GPL/LGPL/CPL licensed ? Not yet a Ruby-to-bytecode compiler ? Native-threaded ? Runs on Java SE versions 1.4.2 or higher ? Started in Fall of 2001 based on Ruby 1.6 ? www.jruby.org Java and Ruby Compared public class Filter { public static void main(String[] args) { List list = new java.util.ArrayList(); list.add(?Tim"); list.add(?Ike"); list.add(?Tina"); Filter filter = new Filter(); for (String item : filter.filterLongerThan(list, 3)) { System.out.println( item ); } } public List filterLongerThan(List list, int length) { List result = new ArrayList(); for (String item : list) { if (item.length() <= length) { result.add( item ); } } return result; } } Java and Ruby Compared Ruby! list = [?Tim?, ?Ike?, ?Tina?] list.select {|n| n.length > 3}.each {|n| puts n} => ?Tina? Agenda What are Ruby and JRuby Ruby Features JRuby Features Demonstrations JRuby in the Wild JRuby?s Future Conclusion Ruby Features (Blocks) ? Allows passing code around ? def add_ten(base) yield(base + 10) end add_ten(5) { |num| puts num } => 15 add_ten(5) { |num| puts to_roman(num) } => XV ? Iteration done right ? sum = 0; collection = [1,2,4,3] collection.each { |i| sum = sum + i } puts sum => 10 Ruby Features (Duck-Typing) ? Type checking done at Runtime class SlowList def find(criteria) ? end end class Tree def find(criteria) ? end end def search_with(search_type, criteria) search_type.find(criteria) end search_with(SlowList.new) search_with(Tree.new) Ruby Features (Open definitions) ? Never too late to add methods to a class ? class Fixnum def prime? ? end end puts 13.prime? => true ? Or even change an existing one ? class OnlyOnce def calc def calc; @cachedAnswer; end @cachedAnswer = expensive_one_time_calc() end end Ruby Features (Modules) ? Modules provide a namespace module Color RED = [255,0,0]; end puts Color::RED => [255,0,0] ? Modules provide mix-in inheritance module Enumerable def sort; each {|i| ..sort logic..}; end end class Foo include Enumerable def each; ..yield all elements of Foo to block..; end end puts Foo.new.sort => sorted foo Agenda What are Ruby and JRuby Ruby Features JRuby Features Demonstrations JRuby in the Wild JRuby?s Future Conclusion JRuby Features (Java in Ruby) ? Import Java classes into Ruby require ?java' include_class ?java.util.Random? puts Random.new.nextInt() => 1064445193 include_class ?java.lang.System? System.out.println(?bar?) => bar include_class(?java.lang.String?) {|p,name| ?J#{name}? } JString.new(?heh?) JRuby Features (Rubify Java) ? Automatic mapping of core types ? Ruby Fixnum, Array, Hash, String? == long, Java List, Map, String? include_class ?java.util.Random? puts Random.new.nextInt() % 10 => 5 ? Rubified method name aliases ? include_class ?java.awt.Color? puts Color::RED.getBlue => 0 puts Color::RED.blue => 0 puts Color::RED.get_blue => 0 JRuby Features (Rubify Java Cont?d) ? Common Ruby methods added to core types ? java.lang.Comparable defines ?<=>? and includes Ruby?s Comparable module ? java.util.List defines ?each?, ?<<? and includes Enumerable module ? java.util.Map, java.util.Set define ?each? ? This list grows over time as we discover good fits JRuby Features (Java ? Ruby) ? Implement Java interfaces from Ruby include_class ?com.foo.MyInterface? class MyImpl < MyInterface def bar # impl of public String bar(); ?hello? end end ? Use Ruby from Java MyInterface mine = (MyInterface) BSF.eval(?MyImpl.new?); mine.bar(); => ?hello? JRuby Features (Miscellaneous) ? Runs with Ruby?s standard libraries ? Native threading: Ruby thread == Java thread Agenda What are Ruby and JRuby Ruby Features JRuby Features Demonstrations JRuby in the Wild JRuby?s Future Conclusion IRB ? Interactive Ruby IRB cont?d ? Java Integration IRB cont?d ? Interactive Swing IRB cont?d ? Interactive Swing Ruby on Rails Ruby on Rails ? JDBC activerecord adapter ? Deployment to Java servers an easier sell ? Possibilities to talk straight to Java services ? JRuby plans on supporting Rails around the end of this summer Agenda What are Ruby and JRuby Ruby Features JRuby Features Demonstrations JRuby in the Wild JRuby?s Future Conclusion JRuby in the Wild ? RDT ? Ruby Development Tools for Eclipse ? Uses JRuby?s Ruby parser and AST ? www.rubypeople.org ? Rad Rails ? RDT-based Ruby on Rails IDE ? www.radrails.org ? JEdit ? A Programmer?s Text Editor ? Uses JRuby?s Ruby parser and AST ? www.jedit.org ? DataVision ? Open Source Report Writer ? Ruby as default formula language ? datavision.sourceforge.net Agenda What are Ruby and JRuby Ruby Features JRuby Features Demonstrations JRuby in the Wild JRuby?s Future Conclusion New JRuby Design ? Iterative interpreter engine ? Heap-allocated Ruby stack frames, scopes ? M:N threading with thread, IO schedulers ? Compiled methods will ?trampoline? ? Mixed-mode like HotSpot; dynamic optimization ? Pluggable core modules and subsystems ? Integrated Java/Ruby online debugging JRuby?s Future ? Short Term ? Better Compatibility with Ruby 1.8 ? Expanding Application Support ? Continuation Support ? Optimizations for Current Interpreter (Fast) ? Medium Term ? Incorporating Ruby 2.0 features ? M:N Threading ? Multi-VM Support ? ?JRuby Bytecode? Interpreter (Faster) ? Long Term ? Compilation to Java Bytecode (Fastest!) ? Tail-Call Optimization Challenges for the Future ? Performance must be improved ? Much slower than C Ruby currently ? ?but not many optimizations yet ? ?and no compilation yet ? ?Fast enough? is not always fast enough ? Keep JRuby Working ? Refactored and redesigned code must not regress ? Existing library of tests helps avoid regression ? Slow process of encapsulating, reimplementing ? Much more challenging Challenges Cont?d ? JVM and Ruby Incompatibilities ? Continuations require stack manipulation (longjmp) ? Ruby?s Threads allow stop, kill, critical sections ? Bindings, eval allow executing code in other contexts ? Class, module defs always open, always mutable ? System calls, signals, fork, symlinks, etc not possible ? JRuby isn?t our day job ? Contributors help immensely ? Always more to do than time available Agenda What are Ruby and JRuby Ruby Features JRuby Features Demonstrations JRuby in the Wild JRuby?s Future Conclusion Conclusion ? Ruby is an elegant, powerful language ? JRuby gives Ruby Java?s capabilities ? JRuby gives Java Ruby?s capabilities ? Another tool for the toolbox ? JVM, like .NET CLR, can support many languages ? Ready for use today, and great things in future For More Information ? Project Homepage: www.jruby.org ? Ruby Homepage: www.ruby-lang.org ? Charles?s Blog: headius.blogspot.com ? Tom?s Blog: www.bloglines.com/blog/ThomasEEnebo ? Programming Ruby, by Dave Thomas ? jruby-user and jruby-devel mailing lists

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*   jruby = java + ruby - présentation

*   jruby = java + ruby